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What happens to your body when you have type 2 diabetes?

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Hussain says, “Ethnicity, genetics, and family history all play a big role in predisposing to type 2 diabetes. Women who had gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at increased risk of developing prediabetes or type 2 diabetes later in life. It will also be more expensive.”

“Other factors that put people at higher risk for type 2 diabetes include being of South Asian, African Caribbean, or Black African origin, and other factors such as depression, high blood pressure, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This is because they have a disease,” he explains. Walden. “Smoking and sleep deprivation can also contribute to risk, with people in the poorest households found to be twice as likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes compared to those in the highest income households. .”

People with type 2 diabetes should be tested regularly as it can lead to serious complications if not managed properly. “Diabetes is one of the leading causes of preventable vision loss in working-age people in the UK and is a leading cause of lower limb amputations, kidney failure, heart attacks and strokes,” Professor Walden explains. .

The risk of complications increases over time, Sinclair said. He said: “Poor blood sugar control is the main reason for complications. People who have had diabetes for 20 years are at higher risk than people who have had diabetes for two years. However, Diagnosis of diabetes continues to be slow and we know that around 40 per cent of people already have complications at the time of diagnosis.”

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes are the same in children and adults, but the condition is more commonly diagnosed in older adults and is often overlooked.

Dr. Walden said: “An analysis by Diabetes UK has revealed that cases of type 2 diabetes, historically associated with older people, are now increasing rapidly in younger age groups. Alarmingly, NHS data shows that the number of registered cases of type 2 diabetes in the under-40 age group has increased by 23% in just five years. Although the proportion is small, it is known to be more progressive in younger people.”

Dr Hussain further added: Additionally, because these age groups are less likely to undergo regular health checkups, there may be a large component of undiagnosed or delayed diabetes. ”

There are a variety of treatment options for type 2 diabetes, which vary depending on the stage at the time of diagnosis. If you are prediabetic, or your blood sugar levels are in the diabetic range, you may be able to lower your blood sugar levels with diet and exercise alone. Medications such as metformin or insulin, or newer medications such as Ozempic, may be prescribed.

Hussein says: [newer] This class of drugs works by mimicking a natural intestinal hormone (called GLP-1). This hormone is responsible for increasing insulin production, telling the liver to better utilize glucose, as well as telling the brain that you’ve eaten enough. These drugs are in high demand because they aid weight loss and improve blood sugar levels. There are more drugs of this kind in the pipeline, including a promising drug called Tirzepatide (brand name Munjaro), which will soon be launched in the UK and is a combination of two different natural intestinal hormones. It is a combination of effects. ”

The NHS also The road to remission for type 2 diabetes This program is based on Professor Taylor’s groundbreaking research. This provides a low calorie meal replacement for 3 months. In the trial, nearly half of the participants were able to put their diabetes into remission. Patients with type 2 diabetes also went into remission after weight loss (bariatric) surgery.

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