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Varicose veins | Viasox

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Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that occur primarily in the legs. These veins dilate due to a buildup of blood, often due to malfunctioning valves within the veins. Normally, these valves ensure that blood flows in one direction, towards the heart. When they fail or become weak, blood pools in the veins, creating the characteristic bulges and kinks.

Although varicose veins are not generally considered a serious medical condition, they can have serious physical and psychological effects. Physically, people with varicose veins may experience a variety of discomfort. These may include feelings such as: heaviness and pain It occurs in the affected leg, especially after standing or sitting for a long time. Itching and muscle spasms around the veins are also common at night. In more severe cases, the skin around the veins may swell and cause painful ulcers, especially around the ankles.

From a psychological point of view, the noticeable appearance of varicose veins can also affect an individual’s self-esteem and quality of life. These veins can be very prominent and noticeable, sometimes exhibiting a blue or dark purple color and a prominent raised structure. This noticeable appearance can cause self-consciousness, embarrassment, and distress, especially in social situations or when wearing leg-revealing clothing such as shorts or skirts.

Although varicose veins are not usually a serious health problem, their appearance can cause physical discomfort and emotional distress. This combination of factors emphasizes the importance of understanding and appropriately managing this common condition.

What are spider veins?

spider veins It is a milder variant of varicose veins. They are smaller and often resemble a sunburst or spider web. These veins are usually red or blue and are commonly located on the face and legs.

Symptoms of varicose veins

Varicose veins can cause a variety of symptoms, including:

  • skin color change
  • leg pain
  • skin rash
  • Sensations such as heaviness, burning, or pain in the legs
  • In severe cases, prolonged mild swelling, ulceration, or non-healing sores

Causes and risk factors of varicose veins

Varicose veins are primarily caused by increased blood pressure in the veins, especially near the skin surface. The one-way valves in these veins are designed to facilitate blood flow back to the heart. When these valves become weak or damaged, blood can accumulate and enlarge veins. This weakening or damage can be caused by a variety of factors and has a significant impact on the efficiency of these valves.

Main causes of varicose veins:

  • If you sit or stand for long periods: Spending too much time in this position increases gravitational pressure on the leg veins, putting strain on the valves and eventually leading to valve failure.
  • aging: Over time, the valves in your veins can lose their elasticity and become less efficient, increasing your risk of varicose veins.
  • Hormonal changes: hormonal fluctuations pregnancymenstruation, and menopause cause vein walls to relax, making valves more susceptible to malfunction.
  • Lifestyle factors: a A life without physical activity This can cause poor blood circulation and further worsen the risk of developing varicose veins.

Key risk factors:

  • Genetics: A family history of varicose veins suggests a genetic component in their formation.
  • body weight: Being overweight or obese puts extra pressure on your veins, especially in your legs.
  • sex: Women tend to have a higher incidence of varicose veins, probably due to hormonal influences.
  • Lack of exercise: Lack of exercise weakens venous circulation and increases the risk of varicose veins.
  • Leg injury: Trauma to the legs can directly affect the veins and cause varicose veins.
  • pregnancy: Increased blood volume and hormonal changes during pregnancy can put a lot of stress on the veins in your legs.
  • smoking: Smoking affects blood flow and can weaken vein walls.
  • Oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy: these can affect hormonal balance It can weaken vein walls.

Understanding these causes and risk factors is essential to preventing and managing varicose veins. By being aware of these factors, individuals can make informed decisions to reduce their chances of developing varicose veins or effectively manage existing conditions.


Diagnosis usually includes a review of the medical history and a physical exam. Diagnostic steps include: double ultrasoundcombines two types of ultrasound to examine blood flow and venous structure in the legs.

Treatment of varicose veins

Treatment for varicose veins is tailored to each individual, taking into account factors such as age, overall health, and severity of symptoms. There are various treatments, each with its own indications and effectiveness.

  1. Leg height: This simple, non-invasive approach involves raising your legs above heart level. This lowers venous pressure, increases blood flow back to the heart, and reduces swelling and discomfort.
  2. Compression stockings: Wearing specially designed elastic stockings puts gentle pressure on your legs. This compression supports the veins and allows the muscles and veins to move blood more efficiently, which can significantly reduce symptoms.
  3. Sclerotherapy: This procedure involves injecting a solution directly into the varicose veins, causing them to collapse and disappear over time. It is especially effective for small to medium-sized varicose veins, and is widely used because of its effectiveness and minimal invasion.
  4. Thermal ablation: Techniques such as laser and radiofrequency ablation use heat to close off the affected veins. The catheter transfers heat into the vein and seals it off. This method is often preferred due to its high accuracy and reduced recovery time.
  5. Vein stripping surgery or microphlebectomy: In more severe cases, surgical options such as microphlebectomy or vein stripping may be recommended. Vein stripping involves surgical removal of the affected veins, while microphlebectomy uses small incisions to remove small varicose veins.

Understand possible complications

Although treatment for varicose veins is generally safe, it is not without potential complications. It is important that you understand the following risks.

  1. Inflammation of the veins (Phlebitis): This condition involves inflammation of the veins, can be painful, and may require treatment.
  2. Blood clot: After treatment, there is a risk of blood clots forming in the veins, which may require immediate medical attention.

Each treatment comes with its own potential side effects and complications that should be discussed thoroughly with your healthcare provider. This discussion should include an evaluation of the patient’s specific situation, including the potential risks and benefits of each treatment. Proper medical evaluation and planning can greatly reduce the chance of complications and ensure the most effective treatment for varicose veins.

How to prevent varicose veins

Various effective strategies can be implemented to prevent the development and progression of varicose veins. These preventive measures are primarily aimed at promoting blood circulation and supporting overall venous health, which reduces pressure on the veins in your legs.

  1. Maintain a healthy weight: It’s important to keep your weight within a healthy range. Excess weight puts additional pressure on your veins, especially your legs, worsening your risk of varicose veins.
  2. Regular exercise: Regular physical activity such as yoga, walking, swimming, and cycling improves overall circulation and vein strength. Exercise also helps maintain a healthy weight.
  3. Raise your legs: While sitting, raise your legs above your heart level. This position relieves pressure in the veins of your legs and helps blood flow back to your heart.
  4. Avoid crossing your legs: Avoid crossing your legs when sitting for long periods of time. This position can restrict blood flow to your legs and increase your risk of varicose veins.
  5. Wear loose clothing: Tight clothing, especially around the hips, legs, and groin, can restrict blood flow and lead to increased pressure on the veins.
  6. Use of compression socks: Incorporating compression socks or stockings into your daily life can be very beneficial. These garments apply gentle pressure to the legs, promoting blood flow and preventing blood stagnation. It is especially useful for people who stand or sit for long periods of time.

Try Viasox compression socks for varicose veins

If you have varicose vein discomfort, try Viasox compression socks We may be able to provide a practical solution. These socks gently compress the legs, promoting blood circulation and preventing fluid accumulation in the lower legs. Viasox stands out for its effectiveness and wide range of colors and designs, allowing you to choose the option that suits your taste. If you have any questions, our customer service team is here to help.


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